International Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Prevalence of Epileptics in an Endemic Onchocerciasis Focus in Haut-Katanga/DR Congo

Background: Epilepsy is a real public health problem in the world. Epilepsy is a cause of excess mortality and is a major cause of stigmatization and/or social discrimination. Given the existence of a link between onchocerchosis and epilepsy mentioned in previous studies. Objective: The main objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of epileptics in the endemic onchocerciasis focus in the Kafubu health zone in Haut Katanga/DRC. Method: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample size consisted of 500 households for a total population of 3451 inhabitants. Result: The number of epileptics was 93, ie a prevalence of 2.7%, of which 54% were female and 46% male; the average age of onset of epilepsy was 10.4±3.7 years. 5.4% of people living with epilepsy reported visual impairment. The village most affected by epilepsy was Sambwa, with agriculture as the main activity of the heads of households of epileptics in all the villages. Conclusion: The management of epilepsy with antiepileptics and good nutrition can reduce the morbidity and mortality observed in our environment.

Prevalence, Epilepsy, Onchocerciasis Focus, Lubumbashi

APA Style

Criss Koba Mjumbe, Chadrack Kabeya Diyoka, Oscar Luboya Numbi, Beatrice Koba Bora. (2023). Prevalence of Epileptics in an Endemic Onchocerciasis Focus in Haut-Katanga/DR Congo. International Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy, 8(2), 6-10. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnpt.20220802.11

ACS Style

Criss Koba Mjumbe; Chadrack Kabeya Diyoka; Oscar Luboya Numbi; Beatrice Koba Bora. Prevalence of Epileptics in an Endemic Onchocerciasis Focus in Haut-Katanga/DR Congo. Int. J. Neurol. Phys. Ther. 2023, 8(2), 6-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnpt.20220802.11

AMA Style

Criss Koba Mjumbe, Chadrack Kabeya Diyoka, Oscar Luboya Numbi, Beatrice Koba Bora. Prevalence of Epileptics in an Endemic Onchocerciasis Focus in Haut-Katanga/DR Congo. Int J Neurol Phys Ther. 2023;8(2):6-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnpt.20220802.11

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. RIPPERT, C. (2005) filariasis. In F. Pajot (Ed), epidemiology of parasitic diseases: protozoosis and helminithosis (medical i, pp. 333-394).
2. Dowell SF, Sejvar JJ, Riek L., Vandemaele K. a H., Llamunu M., Mboney AL (2013) Nodding syndrome. Emerging infectious diseases, 19 (9), 1374-1384.
3. Foltz, JL, Makumbi, I., JJ., Malimbo, M., Ndyomugyemyi, R., Atai-Omoruto, AD (2013). An Epidemiologic Investigation of Potential Risk Factor for Nodding Syndrome in Kitgum District, Uganda Plos ONE, 8 (6).
4. Colebunders, R., Njamnshi, AK, M. van Oijen, M., D. Mukendi, Kashama, JM, Mandro, M., Idro, R. (2017). Epilepsy associated with onchocerciasis: recent epidemiological and clinical findings with policy implications. Epilepsia Open, 2 (2), 145-152.
5. Pion, SD, Kaiser, C., Boutros-Toni, F., Cournil, A., Taylor, MM, Meredith, SEO, Boussinesq, M. (2009). Epilespsy in onchocerciasis endemic areas: systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based surveys. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 3 (6), e 461. Doi: 10.1371/journal.Pntd.0000461.
6. Musisi, S., Akena, D., Nakimuli-Mpungu, E., Abbo, C., & Okello, J. (2013). Neuropsychiatric perspectives of noddi, g syndrome in northern Uganda: A case series study and a review of literature. African Health Sciences, 13 (2), 205-218.
7. Burfeind KG, Kashama J -MarieK, Bora BK, et all, Baseline Characterization of Epilepsy in an Onchocerciasis Endemic Area of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Brain Research Bulletin (2018),
8. Pierre Marie Prieux, Institute of Tropical Epidemiology and Neurology Limoges, Dumas M, Leger JM, Pestre -Alexandre M. In: Neurological and psychiatric manifestations of parasitoses: Congress of Psychiatry and Neurology of Language French, session LXXXIV, June 23-27, Le Mans (France). Paris: Masson, 1986: 332.
9. Miller YA. Tropical diseases: a practical guide for medical practitioners and students. Oxford University Press; 2013.
10. Kaiser C, Kipp W, Asaba G, Mugisa C, Kabagambe G, Rating D, et al. The prevalence of epilepsy follows the distribution of onchocerciasis in a west Ugandan focus. Bull World Health Organ. 1996; 74 (4): 361-7.
11. Fisher, RS., Acevedo, C., Arzimanoglou, A., Bogacz, A., Cross, JH., Elger, CE., Wiebe, S. (2014). Official report ILAE: a practical clinical definition of epilepsy. Epilepsia, 55 (4), 475-482. doi: 10.1111/epi.12550.
12. World Health Organization; 2014.
13. Newell ED, Vyungimana F, Bradley JE. Epilepsy, retarded growth and onchocerciasis, in two areas of different endemicity of onchocerciasis in Burundi. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1997; 91 (5): 525-7.
14. Colebunders R, Tepage F, Rood E, Mandro M, Abatih EN, Musinya G, et al. Prevalence of river epilepsy in the Orientale Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016; 10 (5): e0004478.
15. Twum-Danso NAY. Mass treatment of onchocerciasis with ivermectin: should people with epilepsy and/or growth-retardation syndromes be excluded? Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2004; 98 (2): 99-114.
16. Newland, H. S., White, a T., Greene, B. M., Murphy, R. P., & Taylor, H. R. (1991). Ocular manifestations of onchocerciasis in a rain forest area of west Africa. The British Journal of Ophthalmology, 75 (August 1990), 163-169.